Medication administration safety

Medication Administration: Why It’s Important to Take Drugs the Right Way

Although smart infusion pumps offer numerous safety advantages, they are also prone to implementation and human factors problems, such as difficult user interfaces and complex programming requirements that create opportunity for serious errors.

In a much smaller study conducted in the Netherlands, Colen, Neef, and Schuring 88 found an MAE rate of 27 percent, with most of these wrong-time errors. Such errors may be the result of individual-level slips and lapsesbut may also result from system-level failures such as understaffing, human factors problems e.

Each year, ADEs account for nearlyemergency department visits andhospitalizations. It found that the majority of MAEs were associated with errors involving interpreting or updating the medication administration record, delayed dose, wrong dose, or wrong drug.

As described in related primers on medication errors and adverse drug events and on the pharmacist's role in medication safetythere are multiple steps in the pathway between a clinician's decision to prescribe a medication and a patient's receipt of that medication. Strategies used included recommendations from a nationwide voluntary organization to improve safety, education of nurses and other providers in safe practices, and system change and technology.

These include medications that have dangerous adverse effects, but also include look-alike and sound-alike medications: Are there any side effects I should watch for.

You could become addicted to the drug or you could overdose and die. Early research on medication administration errors MAEs reported an error rate of 60 percent, 34 mainly in the form of wrong time, wrong rate, or wrong dose.

Even a single error represents the risk of serious harm to the patient, with attendant negative consequences for the health care professional involved in the error. The investigators found the error rates to be The reported causes of MAEs were lack of administration protocols, failure to check orders, ineffective nurse supervision when delegating administration, and inadequate documentation.

For instance, if your doctor prescribes thyroid medications or blood thinners, you would likely need to have several blood tests over time to show if the dosage is too high or too low.

Papastrat and Wallace proposed using problem-based learning and a systems approach to teach students how to prevent medication errors and suggested content, but their approach was not compared to other teaching methods. A little over 30 percent of the variance in medication error rates resulted from the variance in staffing work hours per patient day.

The Beyea and Hicks 8182 studies looked at errors associated with the operating room, same-day surgery, and postanesthesia; they found the majority of errors attributable to administration but did not classify them by error type.

Improvement Stories

From a sample of 12 nurses in one hospital, one-third of progress notes were found to contain information about administered medications, yet only 30 percent of those progress notes included medication name, dose, and time of administration, and only 10 percent documented information about desired or adverse effects of medications.

Other well-documented patient-specific risk factors include limited health literacy and numeracy the ability to use arithmetic operations for daily tasks. One survey of nurses in three hospitals in Taiwan found that they perceived distractions and interruptions as causes of errors.

These included removing 90 to 95 percent of potassium chloride ampoules from the bedside; developing preprinted labels for five common drug infusions; removing four-channel infusion pumps the unit and replacing them with double-channel infusion pumps with a simple interface design; standardizing administration of drugs given by bolus dose using a syringe pump; decreasing missed doses of immunosupression drugs for transplant patients from 25 percent to 9 percent by incorporating them into the main drug chart; implementing standardized prefilter and heparin-lock central venous catheters and heparin infusions into ICU protocol; redesigning drug infusion administration practices throughout the hospital; eliminating burettes for IV drug infusion; preparing standardized drug infusions for 36 drugs; and providing Intranet-based up-to-date drug information.

The majority of types of MAEs reported were wrong dose, wrong rate, wrong time, and omission. Can I be trained to give it to myself. Once they are used, the syringe and needle are both contaminated and must be discarded.

Medication Administration Questions

Simulations could be used to prepare nurses to recognize and manage medication errors when and if they occur. In the first review of three studies, following double-checking policies did not necessarily prevent errors. Opioid prescribing has increased dramatically over the past 15 years, and recent research questions the benefit of this practice.

A review of the literature found 34 studies that investigated some aspect of working conditions in relation to medication safety. In this study, the rate of errors increased after working Nearly half of those errors were wrong-time errors. National Council of State Boards of Nursing assessed whether there were any identifiable characteristics common to those nurses who committed medication administration errors.

Prot 78 reported nearly 50 percent more MAEs. Jul 25,  · The older you get, the more likely you are to use additional medicines, which can increase the chance of harmful drug interactions. So consider these safety tips (and share them with your loved.

An interactive computer program may help nurses learn and implement safe medication administration practices. Follow your facility’s policy related to the use of a “No Interruption zone” (NIZ), a practice recommended by the Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) to enhance patient safety.

Your NIZ should be a discreet area where medication tasks are performed. ISMP Medication Safety Alert. January 25, ;12(2).] The five rights focus on individual performance and not on human factors and system defects that may make completing the tasks difficult or impossible.

Jul 25,  · The older you get, the more likely you are to use additional medicines, which can increase the chance of harmful drug interactions. So consider these safety tips (and share them with your loved. There is a large and growing body of research addressing medication safety in health care.

This literature covers the extent of the problem of medication errors and adverse drug events, the phases of the medication-use process vulnerable to error, and the threats all of this poses for patients.

Medication administration safety
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Medication Administration Questions | Injection Safety | CDC